Gallery

Gallery.

VI

vi +36 foo.c :36 SHIFT+g Goto line number

/string Search forward for occurrence of string in text ?string Search backward for occurrence of string in text n Search for next instance of string N Search for previous instance of string CTRL+b Page up CTRL+f Page down G End of file g Begin of file :set Nu(mber) show line numbers :.= Returns line number of current line at bottom of screen := Returns the total number of lines at bottom of screen ^g Provides the current line number, along with the total number of lines, in the file at the bottom of the screen

see escape characters :set list :set nolist

The UNIX vi editor is a full screen editor and has two modes of operation: Command mode commands which cause action to be taken on the file, and Insert mode in which entered text is inserted into the file. In the command mode, every character typed is a command that does something to the text file being edited; a character typed in the command mode may even cause the vi editor to enter the insert mode. In the insert mode, every character typed is added to the text in the file; pressing the (Escape) key turns off the Insert mode. While there are a number of vi commands, just a handful of these is usually sufficient for beginning vi users. To assist such users, this Web page contains a sampling of basic vi commands. The most basic and useful commands are marked with an asterisk (* or star) in the tables below. With practice, these commands should become automatic. NOTE: Both UNIX and vi are case-sensitive. Be sure not to use a capital letter in place of a lowercase letter; the results will not be what you expect. To use vi on a file, type in vi filename. If the file named filename exists, then the first page (or screen) of the file will be displayed; if the file does not exist, then an empty file and screen are created into which you may enter text.

Basic movement

h l k j : : : character left, right; line up, down b w : : : : word/token left, right ge e : : : end of word/token left, right { } : : : : beginning of previous, next paragraph ( ) :beginning of previous, next sentence 0 ^ $ : : :beginning, rst, last character of line nG ngg : line n, default the last, rst n% : : :percentage n of the le (n must be provided) nj : : : column n of current line %match of next brace, bracket, comment, #define nH nL : : : line n from start, bottom of window M : middle line of window

Insertion & replace ! insert mode

i a insert before, after cursor I A : : insert at beginning, end of line gI : insert text in rst column o O :open a new line below, above the current line rc : replace character under cursor with c grc : : like r, but without acting layout R : : : : replace characters starting at the cursor gR : : : like R, but without acting layout cm : : : : change text of movement command m cc or S : : : : change current line C : : : change to the end of line s : : : change one character and insert ~ : : : : switch case and advance cursor g~m : : : switch case of movement command m gum gUm: : : lowercase, uppercase text of movement m

m : shift left, right text of movement m n<< n>> shift n lines left, right ## Deletion x X delete character under, before cursor dm delete text of movement command m dd D : : : : delete current line, to the end of line J gJ : : : join current line with next, without space :rd - : : : : delete range r lines :rdx - : : : : delete range r lines into register x Insert mode ^Vc ^Vn insert char c literally, decimal value n ^A : : : : insert previously inserted text ^@ : :same as ^A and stop insert ! command mode ^Rx ^R^Rx insert content of register x, literally ^N ^P text completion before, after cursor ^W : : delete word before cursor ^U : delete all inserted character in current line ^D ^T : shift left, right one shift width ^Kc1c2 or c1 c2 enter digraph fc1; c2g ^Oc : : : execute c in temporary command mode ^X^E ^X^Y : : : : scroll up, down hesci or ^[ abandon edition ! command mode ## Copying "x : : : use register x for next delete, yank, put :reg - : show the content of all registers :reg x - show the content of registers x ym : : yank the text of movement command m yy or Y :yank current line into register p P : : put register after, before cursor position ]p [p : like p, P with indent adjusted gp gP : : like p, P leaving cursor after new text ## Advanced insertion g?m : perform rot13 encoding on movement m n^A n^X +n, n to number under cursor gqm : : format lines of movement m to xed width :rce w - : : center lines in range r to width w :rle i - : : left align lines in range r with indent i :rri w - : right align lines in range r to width w !mc - : lter lines of movement m through command c n!!c - lter n lines through command c :r!c - lter range r lines through command c Visual mode v V ^V : : start/stop highlighting characters, lines, block o : : : exchange cursor position with start of highlighting gv : : start highlighting on previous visual area aw as ap : : select a word, a sentence, a paragraph ab aB : select a block ( ), a block { } Undoing, repeating & registers u U : undo last command, restore last changed line . ^R : :repeat last changes, redo last undo n. : repeat last changes with count replaced by n qc qC: : : :record, append typed characters in register c q stop recording @c : : execute the content of register c @@ : repeat previous @ command :@c - : : execute register c as an Ex command :rg/p/c - :execute Ex command c on range r b where pattern p matches ## Complex movement + + line up, down on rst non-blank character B W : space-separated word left, right gE E : : end of space-separated word left, right n : : : down n 1 line on rst non-blank character g0 gm : : :beginning, middle of screen line g^ g$ : : rst, last character of screen line gk gj : : : screen line up, down fc Fc : next, previous occurence of character c tc Tc : : : : before next, previous occurence of c ; , : : : : repeat last fFtT, in opposite direction [[ ]] start of section backward, forward [] ][ : end of section backward, forward [( ]) : : : unclosed (, ) backward, forward [{ ]} : : unclosed {, } backward, forward [m ]m : : : start of backward, forward Java method [# ]#:unclosed #if, #else, #endif backward, forward [* ]* : start, end of /* */ backward, forward ## Search & substitution /s - ?s - : : : : search forward, backward for s /s/o - ?s?o - search fwd, bwd for s with o set o n or / - : : : repeat forward last search N or ? - : repeat backward last search # * : : : search backward, forward for word under cursor g# g* : : : : same, but also nd partial matches gd gD : : : local, global denition of symbol under cursor :rs/f/t/x - substitute f by t in range r b x : g|all occurrences, c|conrm changes :rs x - : : repeat substitution with new r & x This will display line numbers along the left side of a window: :set number You can also define a mapping to toggle the option, for example: :nmap :set invnumber By pressing Ctrl-N twice in normal mode, Vim toggles between showing and hiding line numbers. If you have Vim version 7 or greater, you can change the width of the "gutter" column used for numbering: :set numberwidth=3 You can use the number column for the text of wrapped lines: :set cpoptions+=n Finally, you can change the color used for the line numbers. For example: :highlight LineNr term=bold cterm=NONE ctermfg=DarkGrey ctermbg=NONE gui=NONE guifg=DarkGrey guibg=NONE